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Four of the most common household pests


Rats

Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents of the superfamily Muroidea and members of the genus Rattus, the most common being the black rat, Rattus rattus, and the brown rat, Rattus norvegicus.


Rats are opportunistic survivors and often live with and near humans. Male rats are called bucks, unmated females are called does, pregnant or parent females are called dams, and infants are called kittens or pups. A group of rats is either referred to as a pack or a mischief.


Rats can serve as carriers of infectious diseases the can be transmitted between species such as Lassa fever, leptospirosis and Hantavirus infection.


Wasps

The term wasp is typically defined as any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant


The various species of wasps fall into one of two main categories: solitary wasps and social wasps. Adult solitary wasps live and operate alone, and most do not construct nests, all adult solitary wasps are fertile. Social wasps exist in colonies numbering up to several thousand individuals and build nests. The type of nest produced by wasps can depend on the species and location. Many social wasps produce nests that are constructed predominantly from paper pulp.


Generally wasps are parasites or parasitoids as larvae, and feed only on nectar as adults. Many wasps are predatory, using other insects (often paralyzed) as food for their larvae. A few social wasps are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of fallen fruit, nectar, and carrion.


Ants

Ants are social insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.


Ants form colonies that range in size from a few dozen predatory individuals living in small natural cavities to highly organised colonies which may occupy large territories and consist of millions of individuals. Ants attack and defend themselves by biting and, in many species, by stinging, often injecting or spraying chemicals like formic acid.


Most ants are generalist predators, scavengers and indirect herbivores. It has been estimated that the total number of individual ants alive in the world at any one time is between one and ten quadrillion. According to this estimate, the total biomass of all the ants in the world is approximately equal to the total biomass of the entire human race.


Mice

House Mouse, Mus musculus. A mouse (plural: mice) is a small mammal belonging to the order of rodents


Primarily nocturnal animals, mice compensate for their poor eyesight with a keen sense of hearing, and rely especially on their sense of smell to locate food and avoid predators


Mice can at times be harmful rodents, damaging and eating crops, causing structural damage and spreading diseases through their parasites and feces. In nature, mice are largely herbivores, consuming any kind of fruit or grain from plants. Consequently, mice adapt well to urban areas and are known for eating almost all types of food scraps